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2 CPD Hours
Dr Michael Lockhart, Endocrinology SpR, and Prof Diarmuid Smith, Consultant Diabetologist and Endocrinologist, Academic Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Beaumont Hospital and RCSI Medical School
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic autoimmune condition characterised by autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta cell. It is associated with macrovascular and microvascular complications. Tight glycaemic control has been shown to ameliorate the long-term complications of T1DM. Monitoring glucose levels frequently helps patients to achieve more intensive glycaemic control. Fingerprick blood glucose monitoring has traditionally been the most commonly used method. More recently, continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems have shown improvements in glycaemic control, reduced frequency of hypoglycaemia, improved recognition of hypoglycaemia and an improvement in quality of life. This module will summarise the evidence for CGM and its current role in the management of patients with T1DM.
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