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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): An overview

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a heterogeneous disorder characterised by hyperandrogenism and chronic anovulation, is a common endocrine, metabolic, and menstrual disorder in women. Depending on diagnostic criteria, PCOS affects 6-to10 per cent of women of reproductive age. While the aetiology is not completely understood, PCOS is believed to be multifactorial in nature and a complex…

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Diabetic foot disease in focus

A detailed overview of the prevention, diagnosis, and management of diabetic foot disease. Diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) is a vascular complication of diabetes mellitus and associated with extensive periods of hospitalisation and a high degree of morbidity and mortality. The pathogenicity of diabetic foot ulcers are multifactorial. Diabetic foot syndrome (DFS) is associated with neurologic…

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Neurocognitive and mental impact of social media consumption in school children

Social media is strongly affecting the neurological structures and mental health of our school-going generation The usage of social media and the Internet has become an essential part of modern life; intertwined with the availability of socialising, educational information and now a majority of work opportunities. In recent times, these advancements in technology have increased…

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Potential inaccuracies in the diagnosis and management of ADHD in children: A review

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric issue faced by Irish children today. Experts claim that up to 5 per cent of school children have ADHD with male children being affected three times more than females of the same age. As there is no laboratory test for ADHD per se, the World Health…

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Diagnosis and treatment of bipolar affective disorder

Treatment of bipolar affective disorder follows a typical biopsychosocial approach Bipolar affective disorder is a common psychiatric illness which holds a lifetime risk of around 1 per cent, affecting both men and women equally. The first episode most commonly occurs between the ages of 15 to 30 years, but may occur at any age. Bipolar…

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A recap on schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is characterised by a fundamental distortion in several mental modalities including perception, thought, belief, self-experience, cognition, affect and volition. It carries a lifetime risk of around 1 per cent and presents most commonly in late adolescence to early adulthood. The incidence in males and females tends to be equal, but onset tends to be…

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Irritable bowel syndrome in focus

An overview of the latest diagnostic guidelines and treatment approaches to one of the most common gastrointestinal conditions Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterised by symptoms of abdominal pain and disturbances in bowel habits in the absence of known organic pathology. The condition affects between 5 and 10 per…

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Supporting asthma patients during the pandemic

In late February 2020, the Asthma Society of Ireland’s team realised that an outbreak of Covid-19 was a very likely event in Ireland and we began to plan accordingly. We used initial Community Foundation funding to buy laptops to move our operations online, we adapted the working of our asthma adviceline so that all telephone…

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Baseline medication use is associated with Covid-19 severity in people with rheumatic diseases

Priscilla Lynch provides a round-up of some of the most topical research presented at this year’s EULAR Congress, which took place virtually from 2-5 June Two abstracts presented at EULAR 2021 show people taking rituximab or Janus kinase inhibitors (JAKi) have worse Covid-19 severity compared to people taking tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFi). These data…

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Decline in excess risk of dementia and heart failure in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Priscilla Lynch provides a round-up of some of the most topical research presented at this year’s EULAR Congress, which took place virtually from 2-5 June Data released at the 2021 EULAR Congress show a substantial decline in the risk of both dementia and heart failure in people with RA onset in the 2000s as compared…

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