Clinical News

Addressing common urinary issues

This article provides a clinical overview of common genito-urinary issues, including urinary incontinence and urinary retention Urinary incontinence Urinary incontinence is defined as an involuntary loss of urine that is objectively demonstrable and a social or hygienic problem. Depending on the cause, patients may have symptoms of urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, dribbling, or dysuria. Classifications…

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Clinical considerations in urinary catheterisation

Dr Niall F Davis provides a comprehensive overview on iatrogenic complications, indications, technique and future perspectives in catheter-related technologies Urethral catheterisation (UC) is routinely performed in hospital and community settings, with ≤25 per cent of hospitalised patients catheterised during their inpatient stay. All newly-qualified doctors are expected to be safe, confident, and competent at performing…

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Fifth Annual John Fitzpatrick Irish Genitourinary Cancer Conference (JFIGCC)

Ms Clare O’Connell and Mr Peter E Lonergan report on the highlights of the 2019 JFIGCC in Dublin The John Fitzpatrick Irish Genitourinary Cancer Conference (JFIGCC) is now in its fifth year, and attracts world leaders in urological oncology. Internationally-renowned faculty from Canada, the US, Sweden, France, the UK and Ireland delivered updates on the…

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Hepatitis C: The silent virus

Ms Theresa Lowry-Lehnen provides an overview of the detection and treatment of hepatitis C Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is an infectious disease that primarily affects the liver. Although vaccines exist for hepatitis A and hepatitis B, there is currently no vaccine available to prevent hepatitis C. The development of a…

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HIV — prevention and treatment efforts bearing fruit

Priscilla Lynch reports on the latest positive findings regarding HIV treatment and prevention Earlier this month, a major international study published in The Lancet provided conclusive evidence that the risk of HIV transmission through sex when HIV viral load is suppressed is effectively zero, and made international headlines. The findings support the message of the…

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Hepatitis C in Ireland in 2019 and finding the ‘missing millions’

Ms Michelle Tait on the need to find the hidden cohort of Irish people with hepatitis C The management of hepatitis C has changed significantly since its discovery just over 30 years ago. From having no treatment for the disease, to the development of the first generation of interferon-based treatments in the 1990s, we now…

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Looking back, looking forward

Priscilla Lynch talks to outgoing ICO President Dr Alison Blake ahead of this month’s annual ICO Annual Conference in Galway The Irish College of Ophthalmologists (ICO) Annual Conference 2019 will take place at the Galway Bay Hotel from Wednesday 15 to Friday 17 May. As ever, the programme features a busy line up of leading…

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Unlocking the neurobiology of schizophrenia

Priscilla Lynch reports on new research that is uncovering the neurobiology of schizophrenia A team of scientists in the US Vanderbilt University Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics and the Vanderbilt Genetics Institute (VGI) has identified 104 high-risk genes for schizophrenia, using a unique computational framework they developed. Their discovery, which was reported in April…

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Deliberate self-harm and suicide

Prof Brendan Kelly outlines approaches to help prevent deliberate self-harm and suicide The rate of suicide in Ireland has been in decline for several years, but deliberate self-harm and suicide still remain real and urgent problems. Globally, over 800,000 people die due to suicide every year, and for every suicide there are many more people…

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Treatment-resistant depression

Dr Mohd Faisal looks at the diagnosis and treatment of refractory depression Case report Mr X is a 43-year-old married teacher of two children, who is living with his wife and children. He is happily married for the last 13 years and has a good relationship with his wife. His wife is very supportive towards…

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